Super 7 Comprehension Strategies


May also be referred to or include:

Making Connections

  • Activating/Accessing Prior Knowledge
  • Using connections:
  • Text to self—Text to text—Text to World
  • using connections/schema


  • Creating visual/mental image(s) to construct meaning
  • Imagery/imaging
  • Visualization
  • Organizing (when creating a visual through a graphic organizer)


  • Reading between the lines
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Interpreting
  • Making predictions (some writers regard this as an individual strategy)
  • Reflecting on reading

Determining Importance

  • Determining topic and main idea
  • Determining author’s message
  • Utilizing knowledge of narrative or expository text features/structures
  • Determining relevance


  • Taking stock of meaning
  • Monitoring meaning
  • Getting the “gist”
  • “Aha” experience (new insight)
  • Searching and selecting
  • Refining your thinking

Monitoring and Repairing Comprehension

  • Applying “fix-up” or “fix-it” strategies
  • “Look–Backs” (Duffy p. 109)
  • “Clicking and Clunking”



Clarifying meaning

  • Duffy, G. (2003) Explaining ReadingNew York, The Guilford Press
  • Harvey, S. & Goudvis, (2000) Strategies That Work. York, ME: Stenhouse 
  • McEwan, E. (2004) Seven Strategies of Highly Effective Readers. California.  Corwin Press.
  • Miller, D. (2002) Reading With Meaning.  Portland, Maine. Stenhouse Publishers
  • Kindrachuk 2007
  • McGregor, Tanny (2007) Comprehension Connections  Bridges to Strategic Reading  Heinemann

Adapted by Bishop, Goudie-Cloutier and Monahan 2012